Posted by: Rajesh Shukla | July 24, 2010

Human knowledge is not a straight line


Intellectual of Moughal Age, portrait 17th century tempera

Human knowledge is not (or does not follow) a straight line, but a curve, which endlessly approximates a series of circles, a spiral. Any fragment, segment, section of this curve can be transformed (transformed one-sidedly) into an independent, complete, straight line, which then (if one does not see the wood for the trees) leads into the quagmire, into clerical obscurantism (where it is anchored by the class interests of the ruling classes).
–Lenin

When one distinguishes between intellectuals and non-intellectuals, one is referring in reality only to the immediate social function of the professional category of the intellectuals, that is, one has in mind the direction in which their specific professional activity is weighted, whether towards intellectual elaboration or towards muscular-nervous effort. This means that although one can speak of intellectuals, one cannot speak of non-intellectuals, because non-intellectuals do not exist. …There is no human activity from which every form of  intellectual participation can be excluded: homo faber cannot be separated from homo sapiens.–Gramsci, Antonio

It is, of course, much easier to shout, abuse, and howl than to attempt to relate, to explain.
–Lenin

I give culture this meaning: exercise of thought, acquisition of general ideas, habit of connecting causes and effects … I believe that it means thinking well, whatever one thinks, and therefore acting well, whatever one does.–Gramsci

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