Posted by: Rajesh Shukla | July 15, 2010

Buddha: The hypocrite


Pinda Dana (Shraddha) ritual in Hindus for dead fathers.

I am not a scholar but sometimes my readings are penetrating.  I have never read any book in which Scholars have shed light on Buddha’s ritualism and superstition.  Generally we think that Buddha did not believe in Atma or such notions but In reality he believed in everything.  I shall put here with two references that proves that he  believed in the existence of Soul , spirits, ghosts and manes that he denied in his gospels.  He propagated various rituals in which one reference is of Pindadana that I am citing in this post.   First reference Sutta  is coming from Suttapitaka of Khuddak Pali which is a text that is most popular in Buddhist day to day ritual practices. In Tiiryakudya Sutta Buddha speaks of ghost worship and Pindadana;  here is the text in full Pali and Hindi –>

तिरोकुडडुसुतं ————-

१- तिरोकुड्डेसु तिट्ठन्ति, सन्धिसिड्घाटकेसु च। द्वाराबाहासु तिट्ठन्ति, आगन्तवान सकं घरं।

२- पहूते अन्नपानम्हि, खज्जभोजे उपट्ठिते। न तेसं कोचि सरति, सत्तानं कम्मपच्चया।।

३- एवं ददन्ति ञातीनं, ये होन्ति अनुकम्पका। सुचिं पणीतं कालेन, कप्पियं पान भोजनं। इदं वो ञातीनं होतु सुखिता होन्तु ञातयो।।

४-  ते च तत्थ समागत्वा, ञातिपेता समागता पहूते अन्नपानम्हि सक्कच्चं अनुमोदरे।।

५- चिरं जीवन्तु नो ञाती, येसं हेतु मभामसे। अम्हाकं च कता पूजा दायका च अनिफ्फला।।

६- न हि तत्थ कसी अत्थि, गोरक्खेत्थ न विज्जति। वणिज्जा तादिसी नत्थि हिरञ्ञेन कायाक्कयं।।

१- जो प्रेत अपने पूर्व गृहों से आकर घरों की दीवारों के बाहर या दो घरों के मिलन स्थल पर या चौराहो पर आकर वैठे हुये हैं २-वहाँ प्रभूत अन्न पान खाद्य भोज्य पदार्थ के उपस्थित रहने पर, अपने कर्मभोग के कारण, उन प्रेतों मे से कोई भी वहाँ से नहीं जाता। ३- ऐसे प्रेतो पर दया करने के लिये उनके जीवीत सम्बन्धी उन को उत्तम एवं रूचिकर भोजन से समय समय पर यह कहते हुये तृप्त करते हैं कि यह भोजन हमारे प्रेत ज्ञानियों की तृप्ति के लिये हो। इसको प्राप्त कर वे सुखानुभव करें। ४- वे ज्ञाति प्रेत वहाँ आकर उनका दिया हुआ उत्तम एवं प्रभूत रूचिकर भोजन प्राप्त कर उससे सन्तुष्ट होकर उस भोजन दान का अनुमोदन करते हैं- ५- ” हमारे ये सम्बन्धिजन चिरकाल तक जीवित रहें जिनकी कृपा से हमे यह प्रभूत रूचिकर भोजन मिल रहा है। दानदाता द्वारा की गई हमारी पूजा उसके लिये कभी निष्फल नहीं होगी।” ६- वहाँ प्रेत लोक में न कृषि है न दूध के लिये गौ, न धन अर्जन के लिये कोई व्यापार का साधन है, न सुवर्ण के माध्यम से किसी चीज क्रय या विक्रय है। वे प्रेत तो यहाँ के जीवित सम्बन्धियों द्वारा कृतदान से ही अपना जीवन यापन करते हैं।

Sutta is somewhat large and I am not citing here all of the eleven Suttas but one thing is clear from the above cited Suttas that Buddha was practicing what he used to criticize in his gospels. It is mentioned in the Sutta eleven that if this Pindadana is given to dead spirits via Sangha, spirits immediately accept it; it means on these rituals economy of Sangha depended.  Many other Suttas are found where in detail many such  rituals are written,  Idol and Stupa worship was introduced by Buddha himself.  Stupa worship itself is a form of  spirit/ghost worship considered a lower form of worship in BhagwadGita. My another reference about Buddha’s hypocrisy comes from the famous and larger Sutta called Mahaparinibbana Sutta where Buddha discussed about the spirits, ghosts, and devas  with his closest  disciple Ananda.  It was the time when Buddha was about to depart from  the earth; disciple Upavana was fanning him while Ananda was standing near him and the discourse on spirits took place .. Here is the citation from Mahaparinibban Sutta section Five, sutta 7 -22-> (I will not cite full though) 7- Now at that time the venerable Upavana was standing in front of the Blessed one, Fanning him. And the Blessed one was not pleased with Upavana, and he said to him: ‘stand aside, O brother,stand not in front of me!’ 8- Then this thought sprung up in the mind of Ananda: ‘ The venerable Upavana has long been in close personal attendance and service on the Blessed one. And, now at the last moment, the Blessed one is not pleased with Upavana and said to him ‘stand aside, o brother, stand not in front of me!’ what may be the cause and what the reason that the Blessed one is not pleased with Upavna and speaks thus with him?’ 9- And the venerable Ananda said to the Blessed one: ” ‘The venerable Upavana has long been in close personal attendance and service on the Blessed one. And, now at the last moment, the Blessed one is not pleased with Upavana and said to him ‘stand aside, o brother, stand not in front of me!’ what may be the cause and what the reason that the Blessed one is not pleased with Upavna and speaks thus with him?” 10- The great numbers, Ananda, are gods of ten world-systems assembled together to behold the Tathagata. For twelve leagues, Ananda, around the Sala Grove of the Mallas, the Upavattana of Kushinara, there is no spot in size even as the pricking of the point of the tip of a hair which is not pervaded by powerful spirits.  And the spirits, Ananda are murmuring, and say, ” from afar have we come to behold the Tathagata. Few and far between are the Tathagatas, the Arhat Buddhas who appear in the world: and now to-day, in the last watch of the night,the death of Tathagata will take place; an this eminent brother stands in front of the Tathagata, concealing him, and in his last hour we are prevented from beholding the Tathagata” thus, Ananda, do the spirits murmur. 11- But what kinds of  spirits is the Blessed one thinking? 12- There are spirits, Ananda, in the sky, but of worldly mind…….there are spirits on the earth of worldly mind…..and also there are spirits who are free of passion, calm, self-possessed … and in this way Buddha describes how they have come from sky, earth and heaven and were talking to each other in different way. Some were lamenting that ‘soon the light of the world will vanish away’,  while other great spirits and devas would say ‘Impermanent indeed are all component things…’ Now with these citations from Buddha’s discourses this is very much clear that Buddha was a hypocrite and believed in everything that Brahmins believed and practiced. There is also a Sutta  in which Buddha says to a Brahmin called Vashittha that he perfectly knew Gayatri ( Buddhilogists did not know this fact that at the time of Buddha ‘Gayatri’ was everything, it was regarded as the soul of vedic dharma) Gayatri mantra is the soul of Vedic dharma, Gayatri is everything. Buddha says that he had realized its essence, means, he knew the fact that without accepting it people will  not accept him as a man of realization. . If he was not a liar, we should believe him. In this case he was a Hindu and follower of Vedic Dharma for it can’t be realized without strictly following vedic path. In either case, if we don’t accept what he says about Gayatri he must be a fake man ..a cheater, a liar. If  Buddha believed and practiced all kinds of rituals as I have mentioned above about Pindadana (food offering to ghosts and dead relatives) then he was really a strict follower of Vedic Dharma. Buddha was in reality a very clever organizer ; he did everything to propagate himself and to establish his cult.

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Responses

  1. Mr buddha knows how to preach about family values and maintaining a successful marriage…. but funny thing is that he himself abandon his young wife, children and even parents !

  2. […] थे इसको वे क्यों नहीं पढ सके? इस लिंक पर एक प्रसंग देख लिजिये। यह पूछा जाना चाहिये कि प्रेमचन्द […]


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